Redundancy: your rights

  1. Overview
  2. Being selected for redundancy
  3. Statutory redundancy pay and enhanced redundancy payments
  4. Your notice period
  5. Your consultation period
  6. Redundancy and suitable alternative employment

2. Being selected for redundancy

Broadly speaking, there are three main redundancy situations:

  1. Where the business as a whole is being closed;
  2. Where the particular workplace where the employee is working is being closed;
  3. Where there is a need to reduce the size of the workforce

An employer has a broad remit to reduce the size of its workforce Рthis could be, for example, because of a restructuring of the workplace, because there is a need to cut the costs of the business overall, or because a different strategy is being put in place (among other things). There need not necessarily be less work to done Рthe employer may have just decided to cut costs by reducing staff and making those who remain do more work. However, the employer should be able to justify the reasons for the redundancies it is making and communicate those to the employee.

Ways of selecting for redundancy

Overall, your employer must use a fair and objective means of selecting you for redundancy. Employers commonly use the following means of selecting employees for redundancy (among others):

  • Asking for volunteers (voluntary redundancy or ‘self-selection’)
  • Using the LIFO method (“last in, first out”) where employees with the shortest length of service are selected first
  • Carrying out a full redundancy procedure (ranking employees by how they score over various criteria including skills, aptitude, attitude, qualifications, and experience)

Employers do not have the obligation to carry out a full redundancy process if your job no longer exists, for example if:

  • The business as a whole is closing
  • The particular workplace in which you worked is closing and all employees in that workplace are being made redundant; or
  • You are the only employee who is working in a particular workplace / organisation structure that is being closed

How your employer may select you for redundancy

If your employer is carrying out a full redundancy procedure then the employer should generally carry out the following procedure:

  1. Construct a fair pool of employees who may be selected for redundancy
  2. Choose reasonable selection criteria (provided that these can be objectively measured and are not discriminatory)
  3. Apply the selection criteria chosen fairly and objectively

Although all employers have an obligation to carry out a fair and objective procedure, the lengths to which a Tribunal will expect employer to go in drawing up and applying criteria will depend on the employer’s size and administrative resources.

Unfair selection for redundancy

If your employer fails to follow a fair procedure in dismissing you or fails to make a fair decision to dismiss you then you may be entitled to make a claim for unfair dismissal (should you have the necessary continuous employment to do so).

Further, if you are selected for redundancy for the following reasons then your dismissal may also be unfair (among others):

  • Your gender
  • Your age
  • Your disability
  • Your race
  • Your religion or philosophical belief
  • Your sexual orientation
  • Your gender orientation
  • Membership or non-membership of a trade union
  • Because you have complained about health and safety in the workplace
  • Because you have made a protected disclosure (commonly known as “whistleblowing”)

Appealing your redundancy

If you feel that you have been unfairly dismissed then you can appeal your dismissal. If you wish to challenge the decision then you must write to your employer to do so, explaining the reasons why you think your redundancy has been unfair.

You may also be entitled to make a claim for unfair dismissal to an Employment Tribunal.

Voluntary redundancy

If you volunteer for redundancy then your employer still has the discretion whether or not to select you for redundancy.

Previous: Overview

Next: Redundancy pay

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    Testimonials

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    269 Reviews

    Sue W

    The people at Redmans talk to you with respect and make you feel like they take your situation personal. They clearly care and are extremely professional. I have recommended Redmans to many people.

    Posted 5 days ago

    Anonymous

    Redmans Solicitors were consistently prompt, efficient and professional from the start of my reaching out to them for support in relation to contentious negotiations of an employment matter that continued for almost two months resulting in a positive settlement agreement. Chris Hadrill was diligent, thorough, empathetic and objective in his advice and guidance, showing deep and broad knowledge of the law and legal processes plus extensive practical experience in handling complex matters, resulting in clear and pragmatic advice in ambiguous circumstances that resulted in a very good outcome. I fully recommend Chris Hadrill and Redmans Solicitors! I have made this review anonymous purely because of the confidentiality obligations in the settlement agreement concluded.

    Posted 1 month ago

    Michelle W

    Redmans solicitors provided legal support and advice for a settlement agreement. Excellent customer service, very professional. The senior associate solicitor kept me updated throughout the process, showed empathy and the agreement was signed-off / completed within the agreed timeline.

    Posted 1 month ago

    Mark W

    Redmans Solicitors were extremely professional and helpful! Chris Hadrill handled my case and was an amazing help! His guidance, advice and understanding to my redundancy settlement were always clear, concise and very helpful and I am very grateful to him, and glad I found Redmans to help with my settlement. I highly recommend them!

    Posted 1 month ago

    Alison M

    Very happy with the advice I received

    Posted 1 month ago

    Margaret A

    I found everything about the company to be extremely professional and efficient. During my initial contact with Chris, he listened well and was reassuring, so I felt confident that my case would be well handled. Caroline was excellent at explaining all the legal points and answering my questions, as well as being very supportive and understanding throughout the process. I would definitely recommend this company.

    Posted 1 month ago

    Sanja K

    Very efficient and professional service.

    Posted 1 month ago

    Anonymous

    I found the advice I was given by Redmans Solicitors to be clear and useful and found the solicitor on my case to be both knowledgeable and approachable.

    Posted 1 month ago

    Karen T

    Great service. Thank you.

    Posted 1 month ago

    Anonymous

    Excellent service from Chris & Mel Chin. The best outcome was achieved from the redundancy process. They were extremely thorough, listened carefully and acted swiftly on my behalf. I highly recommend Redmans Solicitors

    Posted 1 month ago

    Shanine M

    Excellent service, thank you so much!

    Posted 1 month ago

    Anonymous

    I found Caroline and Chris very Helpful and provided excellent service. Caroline especially provided great legal advice and made me feel at ease with the whole process. I would highly recommend them. Thank you!

    Posted 1 month ago

    Gayle B

    Excellent company very professional would definitely recommend

    Posted 1 month ago

    Alex K

    Redmans provided an excellent service, timely and effective. Will definitely recommend.

    Posted 1 month ago

    Anonymous

    Great job done on my employment law

    Posted 1 month ago

    Dominica S

    Caroline & Chris were very prompt and efficient.Very happy with the service and will definitely recommend Redmans Solicitor to everyone !

    Posted 2 months ago

    Sandra K

    If you are looking for a group of solicitors who are Professional, Caring and on point, then look no futher than Redmans. I was literally hand held through out my case. Can not find fault with this company, very happy with the result and the service i received. Would highly recommend Redmans.

    Posted 2 months ago

    Anonymous

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    Posted 2 months ago

    ALISDAIR L

    Redmans did a brilliant job regarding my redundancy agreement. I miss read an extra charge which wasnt the case so doing a new review to clarify. I would recommend Redmans for any employment law issues you may have.

    Posted 2 months ago

    Christos G

    Great legal advice and quick correspondence. Very supportive and helpful through the entire process. Thank you Redmans!

    Posted 2 months ago

    Anonymous

    Chris Hadrill advised me on a redundancy settlement agreement. He was very responsive, easy to deal with and gave me good advice at a stressful time.

    Posted 2 months ago