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chris-hadrill-profileChris Hadrill, a specialist employment solicitor at Redmans, answers the question:

“Can I set aside the term of the settlement agreement that I entered into if I think that I have been defrauded? I was made redundant and now believe that there wasn’t in fact a redundancy situation”

Under the law of contract, there are certain defined circumstances whereby a settlement agreement may be invalid and can be set aside. These include (but are not limited to):

  • Where a party to the settlement agreement lack capacity (for example, the party has a mental disability which rendered them incapable of understanding or consenting to the agreement);
  • Where a mistake has been made about a fundamental matter or which makes it impossible to perform the settlement agreement; and
  • Where there has been a misrepresentation of a material fact in certain circumstances

In this case, the relevant question is whether a settlement agreement can be set aside due to a fraudulent misrepresentation by one party to another, inducing them to enter into the settlement agreement (i.e. that there was a genuine redundancy situation when, it is contended as a matter of fact, this was not the case).

In Hayward v Zurich Insurance Company plc [2015] EWCA Civ 327 the Court of Appeal held that, while the settlement of an ill-founded claim is nonetheless binding, this is not generally the case if the claim was fraudulent: if, subsequent to the completion of the settlement agreement, it is found that a statement about the claim was in fact fraudulent when the other party had believed it was genuine, this may be sufficient to rescind a settlement agreement. However, fraud does not necessarily ‘unravel all’, even when proved – if the party alleging fraud (“A”) was aware (prior to the settlement agreement being completed) that the representation made by the other party (“B”) may not be true but signs the agreement anyway, this will not be sufficient to unravel the settlement (as A had settled the case “with its eyes wide open”).

Applying the above principles to the current question, the crucial issue in the circumstances is whether the person alleging fraud (“A”) was aware – prior to entering into the settlement agreement – that there may not be a genuine redundancy situation at his employer (“B”). If A had alleged to B that there was not a genuine redundancy situation prior to entering into the settlement agreement, but subsequently entered into the agreement anyway, then it is probable that A would find it difficult to challenge the validity of the settlement agreement on the grounds of fraud: A had entered into the settlement agreement with “his eyes wide open”. However, if A had not alleged dishonesty by B from the outset then he may be able to challenge the settlement agreement on the grounds of fraudulent misrepresentation (depending, of course, on A being able to show on the balance of probabilities that the statement by B to this effect was fraudulent).

The practical outcome of this question is that parties need to take care about alleging fault or dishonesty prior to settling a dispute. Further, they also need to understand the implications of settling: advice from specialist legal advisers on this point will therefore normally be extremely helpful in determining the pro’s and con’s of settling a case.

About Chris Hadrill

Chris is a specialist employment lawyer at Redmans. He specialises in contentious and non-contentious employment matters, including breach of contract claims, compromise agreements and Employment Tribunal cases. He writes on employment law matters on a variety of websites, including Direct 2 Lawyers, Lawontheweb.co.uk, LegalVoice, the Justice Gap and his own blog. Contact Chris by emailing him at chadrill@redmans.co.uk

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Testimonials

4.78 Average

143 Reviews

Liz P

An excellent professional service was provided by Chris Hadrill and Mel Chin. Efficient and trustworthy - would highly recommend this company.

Posted 1 week ago

Anonymous

Redmans Solicitors were great. They were able to advice me quickly and efficiently! I would recommend them, as a good solicitors to use.

Posted 1 week ago

Anonymous

Extremely efficient. Mel made a difficult situation bearable and gave good clear guidance thoughout.

Posted 2 weeks ago

Anonymous

Thanks Chris and Sacha I was reassured throughout the process and a happy outcome

Posted 2 weeks ago

Edward F

Good and clear employment advice

Posted 2 weeks ago

Richard O

Chris at Redmans is my go-to legal expert when it comes to employee-related matters. His depth of knowledge, experience and considered approach to problems and their solutions is highly valuable. I cannot recommend Redmans highly enough.

Posted 4 weeks ago

Rory Y

They provide me with timely and clear advice!

Posted 4 weeks ago

Steven C

Redmans handled my settlement with my employer quickly, decisively and to a standard that I was very happy with. I would in similar circumstances contract them again

Posted 4 weeks ago

Deepthi K

Transparent. Clear communication. Prompt reply’s. Saves lot of time. Very satisfied.

Posted 4 weeks ago

Anonymous

Chris and Sacha did a fantastic job and negotiated a significant better settlement agreement

Posted 4 weeks ago

Dino D

I did get a very swift and god service from Redmans

Posted 4 weeks ago

Stephanie H

Clear, prompt, effective support from Chris which has been very much appreciated. Thank you again.

Posted 1 month ago

Anonymous

I would highly recommend Redmans Solicitors, the team were very friendly and my case was dealt with professionally and efficiently. Thank you!

Posted 2 months ago

Shane M

Very professional, welcome advice at a crucial time. Always available and reasonable cost.

Posted 2 months ago

Anonymous

My case was relatively straight-forward. But even so, working with Redmans was easy, quick, professional & clear. Many thanks

Posted 2 months ago

Anonymous

The team were very helpful and answered all my questions regarding my redundancy. Initially I had a call with one of the representatives who escalated my request to a suitable employment solicitor. We arranged a call to discuss the settlement and she helped answer all my questions. We then mainly contacted through email which helped resolve the settlement quickly and convently. Thanks for all the help.

Posted 2 months ago

Djaouida T

You have good communication.

Posted 2 months ago

Anonymous

Fast and professional. A highly recommended company for employment related issues.

Posted 2 months ago

Anonymous

Very professional service.

Posted 2 months ago

Brittany

I was very grateful for Redmans to treat my case with respect and discretion. At the time, I was very new to London and it was meaningful to have someone on my side and win the case for me. Without any doubt, I would definitely recommend Redmans Solicitors to anyone who is in need of it.

Posted 10 months ago

Jake L

Chris is very professional and calm. Very attentive and patient, been a positive experience having Chris represent me, and would recommend him.

Posted 11 months ago