Redundancy: your rights

  1. Overview
  2. Being selected for redundancy
  3. Statutory redundancy pay and enhanced redundancy payments
  4. Your notice period
  5. Your consultation period
  6. Redundancy and suitable alternative employment

2. Being selected for redundancy

Broadly speaking, there are three main redundancy situations:

  1. Where the business as a whole is being closed;
  2. Where the particular workplace where the employee is working is being closed;
  3. Where there is a need to reduce the size of the workforce

An employer has a broad remit to reduce the size of its workforce – this could be, for example, because of a restructuring of the workplace, because there is a need to cut the costs of the business overall, or because a different strategy is being put in place (among other things). There need not necessarily be less work to done – the employer may have just decided to cut costs by reducing staff and making those who remain do more work. However, the employer should be able to justify the reasons for the redundancies it is making and communicate those to the employee.

Ways of selecting for redundancy

Overall, your employer must use a fair and objective means of selecting you for redundancy. Employers commonly use the following means of selecting employees for redundancy (among others):

  • Asking for volunteers (voluntary redundancy or ‘self-selection’)
  • Using the LIFO method (“last in, first out”) where employees with the shortest length of service are selected first
  • Carrying out a full redundancy procedure (ranking employees by how they score over various criteria including skills, aptitude, attitude, qualifications, and experience)

Employers do not have the obligation to carry out a full redundancy process if your job no longer exists, for example if:

  • The business as a whole is closing
  • The particular workplace in which you worked is closing and all employees in that workplace are being made redundant; or
  • You are the only employee who is working in a particular workplace / organisation structure that is being closed

How your employer may select you for redundancy

If your employer is carrying out a full redundancy procedure then the employer should generally carry out the following procedure:

  1. Construct a fair pool of employees who may be selected for redundancy
  2. Choose reasonable selection criteria (provided that these can be objectively measured and are not discriminatory)
  3. Apply the selection criteria chosen fairly and objectively

Although all employers have an obligation to carry out a fair and objective procedure, the lengths to which a Tribunal will expect employer to go in drawing up and applying criteria will depend on the employer’s size and administrative resources.

Unfair selection for redundancy

If your employer fails to follow a fair procedure in dismissing you or fails to make a fair decision to dismiss you then you may be entitled to make a claim for unfair dismissal (should you have the necessary continuous employment to do so).

Further, if you are selected for redundancy for the following reasons then your dismissal may also be unfair (among others):

  • Your gender
  • Your age
  • Your disability
  • Your race
  • Your religion or philosophical belief
  • Your sexual orientation
  • Your gender orientation
  • Membership or non-membership of a trade union
  • Because you have complained about health and safety in the workplace
  • Because you have made a protected disclosure (commonly known as “whistleblowing”)

Appealing your redundancy

If you feel that you have been unfairly dismissed then you can appeal your dismissal. If you wish to challenge the decision then you must write to your employer to do so, explaining the reasons why you think your redundancy has been unfair.

You may also be entitled to make a claim for unfair dismissal to an Employment Tribunal.

Voluntary redundancy

If you volunteer for redundancy then your employer still has the discretion whether or not to select you for redundancy.

Previous: Overview

Next: Redundancy pay

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Please feel free to discuss your own position and concerns. Contact your nearest office on:

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Testimonials

4.62 Average

39 Reviews

Katelyn

The solicitor communicated well with me and made sure I understood everything. He did everything needed for my settlement agreement and tried to get the wording changed in my favour too.

Posted 19 hours ago

Anonymous

Redmans provided excellent services

Posted 20 hours ago

Sibel U

Excellent service

Posted 22 hours ago

Peter S

I was very happy with the level of advise I received from Caroline Lewis, and a very professional service fron Chris, The advice given really helped me and I was comfortable to sign the settlement agreement following my redundancy. I would be more than happy to recommend your services to others.

Posted 23 hours ago

Derek S

I very much appreciated the help provided by Redmans in the settlement agreement agreed with my former employer.

Posted 1 day ago

Waseem M

It was the first ime I used Redmans Solicitors and to be honest, thety were amazing. Rana Tandon and Chris Hadrill were out of this world. They made the process as simply and smooth as can be. Thank you so much for all your support over the last week.

Posted 2 weeks ago

Anonymous

Worked very quickly considering right deadlines - and gave great advice

Posted 2 weeks ago

Anonymous

Redmans provided me with excellent advice at a very stressful time. The calm, confident and extremely professional manner in which my solicitor handled my case made the issue much easier to deal with and I was very impressed with the level of service I received.

Posted 2 weeks ago

Anonymous

Immediate response to my initial enquiry. Very clear throughout the whole process and thorough and great communication which worked really well during quite a stressful time. Chris Hadrill was extremely helpful and made me feel at ease.

Posted 3 months ago

Nick D

I received a very professional service from Chris. The advice given really helped to leave me comfortable to sign the settlement agreement following my redundancy. Would be happy to recommend your services to others.

Posted 3 months ago

Anonymous

Excellent service from initial contact to deliverables.

Posted 4 months ago

Virginia K

Yes, Chris Hadrill answered all my questions and I feel more confident with my current situation

Posted 4 months ago

Anonymous

Chris Hadrill was referred to me my a friend of mine. I found the service to be efficient, quick and like Chris's direct approach to my work. Well done and thank you Chris!

Posted 4 months ago

Andy W

Very prompt & structured service that helped put my mind at rest at a difficult time

Posted 4 months ago

Anonymous

I have found Redmans to be very helpful, diligant and thoroughly professional when dealing with them, plus they gone that extra mile for me !

Posted 4 months ago

Anonymous

Thank you to Chris Hadrill at Redmans for his assistance in settling my case. I contacted him at the very last minute and he was happy to help me and managed to get everything done on time and in a very professional manner. I will definitely be happy to work with him again .

Posted 4 months ago

Redman's provided excellent legal employment advice for me during a difficult time in my employment. Chris was my lawyer, super efficient, quick, reliable and clearly very experienced in the matter. Could not ask for a better law firm to deal with your query if you are in need of some help. Would definitely use them again in the future. Highly recommending Chris.

Posted 8 months ago

Steven

Chris Hadrill was very professional and responsive. I would highly recommend him

Posted 8 months ago

Dinah

Very Efficient, with very quick email reply’s. I had a matter that needed resolving within a very short space of time and Redmans Solicitors were great with dealing with my matter quickly.

Posted 8 months ago

Ankar

At Redmans the solicitor that was dealing with me was Chris. He dealt with my situation smoothly with clear guidance and explanation

Posted 8 months ago

Anonymous

Clear, concise advice and guidance delivered by an experienced and very capable solicitor, within the timelines required

Posted 9 months ago